Philosophy category

The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

"The Warren Buffett Way" is an exploration of Warren Buffett's investment philosophy and process of picking stocks. By combing through Buffett's trades and his annual letters to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders, author Robert Hagstrom explains Buffett's process to the reader. The book focuses on Buffett's relatively concentrated portfolio at the time, as well as the wholly owned subsidiaries of Berkshire Hathaway, such as See's Candies, Nebraska Furniture Mart and GEICO Insurance. Each holding is analyzed, from fundamental operations of the business to the price and multiple Buffett paid. Throughout the analyses of each holding, Hagstrom extrapolates common themes that reoccur in Buffett's stock-picking; namely, investing in businesses with strong competitive advantages in their industries, as evidenced by high returns on equity and generous free cash flow. Of course, Buffett's performance is not due simply to investing in great companies, but investing when multiples are lower than average, which the author takes care to point out. Hagstrom also intersperses Buffett's own words, gleaned from the annual letters and other published sources, to demonstrate the rationale involved in his investments. Buffett is not dogmatic,however, and Hagstrom notes that many investments, such as in General Dynamics and Freddie Mac, were not made with a long term holding in mind, but rather presented themselves as unique opportunities given the circumstances of their purchases.

published on 26-11-2019 - 238 विचार
The Philosopher's Toolkit: A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods

I have read many introductions to philosophy aimed at laymen & this is by far the best I've seen. Everything is explained very clearly, referencing the relevant concepts after each explanation, great book recommendations, even some great online references. This one does just about everything right

published on 19-11-2019 - 75 विचार
نظام الخطاب

نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو نظام الخطاب لميشيل فوكو

published on 16-11-2019 - 66 विचार
The Little Book of Stoicism: Timeless Wisdom to Gain Resilience, Confidence, and Calmness

“How long are you going to wait before you demand the best for yourself?” – Epictetus, Stoic philosopher Where can you find joy? Gain strength? How should we face our fears? Deal with the death of a loved one? And what about those reoccurring depressing thoughts? While traditional schooling doesn’t address such questions, it’s exactly what ancient schools of philosophy were all about: They taught you how to live. Even though these schools don’t exist anymore, you and I and most people are in as much need of a philosophy that guides us through life as we ever were. This compelling, highly actionable guide shows you how to deal more effectively with whatever life throws at you and live up to your best self. A mix of timeless wisdom and empowering advice, The Little Book of Stoicism will point the way to anyone seeking a calm and wise life in a chaotic world

published on 16-11-2019 - 84 विचार
The Philosophy of Psychology

Some of the issues studied by the philosophy of psychology are epistemological concerns about the methodology of psychological investigation. For example: What is the most appropriate methodology for psychology: mentalism, behaviorism, or a compromise? Are self-reports a reliable data-gathering[1] method? What conclusions can be drawn from null hypothesis tests? Can first-person experiences (emotions, desires, beliefs, etc.) be measured objectively?

published on 13-11-2019 - 76 विचार
Sylvie and Bruno

Sylvie and Bruno has two main plots: one set in the real world at the time the book was published (the Victorian era), the other in the fantasy world of Fairyland. While the latter plot is a fairy tale with many nonsense elements and poems, similar to Carroll's Alice books, the story set in Victorian Britain is a social novel, with its characters discussing various concepts and aspects of religion, society, philosophy and morality.

published on 09-11-2019 - 95 विचार
What is Enlightenment?

The German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is a giant in the history of modern philosophy. Several twentieth-century philosophic movements have their origins in Kantian thought, and many issues raised by Kant still retain their importance. For example, in Metaphysical Foundations of Morals (1785), Kant set forth the categorical imperative that remains a crucial principle in moral philosophy. Kant asserted that when confronted with a moral choice, people should ask themselves: "Canst thou also will that thy maxim should be a universal law?" By this, Kant meant that people should ponder whether they would want the moral principle underlying their action to be elevated to a universal law that would govern others in similar circumstances. If they concluded that it should not, then the maxim should be rejected and the action avoided. Kant valued the essential ideals of the Enlightenment and viewed the French Revolution, which put these ideals into law, as the triumph of liberty over despotism. In an essay entitled "What Is Enlightenment?" (1784), he contended that the Enlightenment marked a new way of thinking and eloquently affirmed the Enlightenment's confidence in and commitment to reason.

published on 09-11-2019 - 71 विचार
Tales And Fantasies

JOHN VAREY NICHOLSON was stupid; yet, stupider men than he are now sprawling in Parliament, and lauding themselves as the authors of their own distinction. He was of a fat habit, even from boyhood, and inclined to a cheerful and cursory reading of the face of life; and possibly this attitude of mind was the original cause of his misfortunes. Beyond this hint philosophy is silent on his career, and superstition steps in with the more ready explanation that he was detested of the gods. His father—that iron gentleman—had long ago enthroned himself on the heights of the Disruption Principles.

published on 07-11-2019 - 101 विचार
The Black Arrow. A Tale Of Two Roses

JOHN VAREY NICHOLSON was stupid; yet, stupider men than he are now sprawling in Parliament, and lauding themselves as the authors of their own distinction. He was of a fat habit, even from boyhood, and inclined to a cheerful and cursory reading of the face of life; and possibly this attitude of mind was the original cause of his misfortunes. Beyond this hint philosophy is silent on his career, and superstition steps in with the more ready explanation that he was detested of the gods. His father—that iron gentleman—had long ago enthroned himself on the heights of the Disruption Principles.

published on 07-11-2019 - 91 विचार
THE ART OF LOGICAL THINKING OR THE LAWS OF REASONING

"Reasoning" is defined as: "The act, process or art of exercising the faculty of reason; the act or faculty of employing reason in argument; argumentation, ratiocination; reasoning power; disputation, discussion, argumentation." Stewart says: "The word reason itself is far from being precise in its meaning. In common and popular discourse it denotes that power by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from wrong, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of particular ends." By the employment of the reasoning faculties of the mind we compare objects presented to the mind as percepts or concepts, taking up the "raw materials" of thought and weaving them into more complex and elaborate mental fabrics which we call abstract and general ideas of truth. Brooks says: "It is the thinking power of the mind; the faculty which gives us what has been called thought-knowledge, in[Pg 10] distinction from sense-knowledge. It may be regarded as the mental architect among the faculties; it transforms the material furnished by the senses ... into new products, and thus builds up the temples of science and philosophy." The last-mentioned authority adds: "Its products are twofold, ideas and thoughts. An idea is a mental product which when expressed in words does not give a proposition; a thought is a mental product which embraces the relation of two or more ideas. The ideas of the understanding are of two general classes; abstract ideas and general ideas. The thoughts are also of two general classes; those pertaining to contingent truth and those pertaining to necessary truth. In contingent truth, we have facts, or immediate judgments, and general truths including laws and causes, derived from particular facts; in necessary truth we have axioms, or self-evident truths, and the truths derived from them by reasoning, called theorems."

published on 06-11-2019 - 168 विचार
THE FEVER OF LIFE

It was Toby Clendon who named it "Pinchler's Dockyard "--Toby Clendon, young, handsome, and a trifle scampish, who wrote witty essays for The Satirist, slashing criticisms for The Bookworm, and dainty society verses for any journal which chose to pay for such poetical effusions. A very cruel remark to make about Mrs. Pinchler's respectable private hotel at Marsh-on-the-Sea; but then the truth is always cruel, and Mr. Clendon proved the truth of his statement in this wise-- "A dockyard is a place where broken-down ships are repaired. Man, by poetical license, is a ship on the ocean of life. Some broken-down human ships under stress of circumstance put in to Pinchler's private hotel for repair in the matter of bodily ailments. Pinchler's harbours these broken-down human ships, therefore Pinchler's is a human dockyard. Strike out the word human as redundant, and there you are, Pinchler's Dockyard." A whimsical deduction, doubtless, yet by no means void of a certain amount of truthful humour, as the guests at Pinchler's private hotel were for the most part deficient as regards physical completeness. If the lungs were healthy the liver was out of order. Granted that the head was "all there," the legs were not, unless one leg counted as two. Splendid physique, but something wrong with the internal organs. Yes, certainly a good many human ships were undergoing repair under the calculating eye of Mrs. Pinchler; and as her establishment was not healthy enough for a hotel nor sickly enough for an hospital, Toby Clendon's intermediate term "dockyard" fitted it exactly; so Pinchler's Dockyard it was called throughout Marsh-on-the-Sea.

published on 05-11-2019 - 101 विचार
THE FEVER OF LIFE

It was Toby Clendon who named it "Pinchler's Dockyard "--Toby Clendon, young, handsome, and a trifle scampish, who wrote witty essays for The Satirist, slashing criticisms for The Bookworm, and dainty society verses for any journal which chose to pay for such poetical effusions. A very cruel remark to make about Mrs. Pinchler's respectable private hotel at Marsh-on-the-Sea; but then the truth is always cruel, and Mr. Clendon proved the truth of his statement in this wise-- "A dockyard is a place where broken-down ships are repaired. Man, by poetical license, is a ship on the ocean of life. Some broken-down human ships under stress of circumstance put in to Pinchler's private hotel for repair in the matter of bodily ailments. Pinchler's harbours these broken-down human ships, therefore Pinchler's is a human dockyard. Strike out the word human as redundant, and there you are, Pinchler's Dockyard."

published on 05-11-2019 - 80 विचार
The Autobiography of Charles Darwin

The daring and restless mind, the integrity and simplicity of Darwin's character are revealed in this direct and personal account of his life—his family, his education, his explorations of the natural world, his religion and philosophy. Charles Darwin's Autobiography was first published in 1887, five years after his death. It was a bowdlerized edition: Darwin's family, attempting to protect his posthumous reputation, had deleted all the passages they considered too personal or controversial. Here you can enjoy the complete edition.

published on 02-11-2019 - 115 विचार
The Problems of Philosophy

IN the following pages I have confined myself in the main to those problems of philosophy in regard to which I thought it possible to say something positive and constructive, since merely negative criticism seemed out of place. For this reason, theory of knowledge occupies a larger space than metaphysics in the present volume, and some topics much discussed by philosophers are treated very briefly, if at all.

published on 30-10-2019 - 94 विचार
Moderne morale philosophy

I will begin by stating three theses which I present in this paper. The first is that it is not profitable for us at present to do moral philosophy; that should be laid ...

published on 30-10-2019 - 86 विचार
Meditations On First Philosophy

The first edition of the Meditations was published in Latin by Michael Soly of Paris “at the Sign of the Phoenix” in 1641 cum Privilegio et Approbatione Doctorum. The Royal “privilege” was indeed given, but the “approbation” seems to have been of a most indefinite kind. The reason of the book being published in France and not in Holland, where Descartes was living in a charming country house at Endegeest near Leiden, was apparently his fear that the Dutch ministers might in some way lay hold of it. His friend, Pere Mersenne, took charge of its publication in Paris and wrote to him about any difficulties that occurred in the course of its progress through the press. The second edition was however published at Amsterdam in 1642 by Louis Elzevir,

published on 30-10-2019 - 97 विचार
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

There is a growing interest in philosophy of education amongst students of philosophy as well as amongst those who are more specifically and practically concerned with educational problems. Philosophers, of course, from the time of Plato onwards, have taken an interest in education and have dealt with education in the context of wider concerns about knowledge and the good life. But it is only quite recently in this country that philosophy of education has come to be conceived of as a specific branch of philosophy like the philosophy of science or political philosophy.

published on 30-10-2019 - 98 विचार
The Warren Buffett Way: The World’s Greatest Investor

"Simply the most important new stock book of the 1990s, to date. Buy it and read it." -Kenneth L. Fisher Forbes The runaway bestseller-updated with new material included for the first time! "The Warren Buffett Way outlines his career and presents examples of how his investment techniques and methods evolved and the important individuals in that process. It also details the key investment decisions that produced his unmatched record of performance." -from the Foreword by Peter S. Lynch Bestselling author, One Up on Wall Street and Beating the Street ". . . an extraordinarily useful account of the methods of an investor held by many to be the world's greatest." -The Wall Street Journal "Robert Hagstrom presents an in-depth examination of Warren Buffett's strategies, and the 'how and why' behind his selection of each of the major securities that have contributed to his remarkable record of success. His 'homespun' wisdom and philosophy are also part of this comprehensive, interesting, and readable book." -John C. Bogle Chairman, The Vanguard Group "It's first rate. Buffett gets a lot of attention for what he preaches, but nobody has described what he practices better than Hagstrom. Here is the lowdown on every major stock he ever bought and why he bought it. Fascinating. You could even try this at home." -John Rothchild Financial columnist Time magazine

published on 29-10-2019 - 141 विचार
Time Management: Proven Techniques for Making Every Minute Count

Are you a slave to your to-do list? At the end of the day, is your list longer than when you started? Are you awash in a sea of sticky notes and memos? Stop! Instead of listing your important tasks, schedule them with a start time and end time. This will help you create a mini-plan for each task, and a workable, productive agenda for your day. This is just one tip from Time Management, Second Edition. And there's more-a lot more. You'll learn how to: Distinguish between the important and the urgent Say "No" and avoid time-wasting tasks Delegate for greater productivity Communicate more effectively Understand the many time-management software programs available Cope with stress This book provides both a framework for building a personal time philosophy and the real-world tips and techniques for becoming more efficient and productive. You have more time than you think. Time Management, Second Edition will help you find it. Richard Walsh is a publishing professional who specializes in career books. He edits the annual National JobBank. He lives in Boston.

published on 29-10-2019 - 139 विचार
Meditations

Marcus Aurelius is said to have been fond of quoting Plato’s dictum, and those who have written about him have rarely been able to resist applying it to Marcus himself. And indeed, if we seek Plato’s philosopher-king in the flesh we could hardly do better than Marcus, the ruler of the Roman Empire for almost two decades and author of the immortal Meditations. Yet the title is one that Marcus himself would surely have rejected. He never thought of himself as a philosopher. He would have claimed to be, at best, a diligent student and a very imperfect practitioner of a philosophy developed by others. As for the imperial throne, that came almost by accident. When Marcus Annius Verus was born, in A.D. 121, bystanders might have predicted a distinguished career in the Senate or the imperial administration

published on 27-10-2019 - 148 विचार
Political Philosophy

A comprehensive introduction to political philosophy. Introduces key thinkers such as Hobbes, Locke, Marx, Mill, Berlin, Rawls and Nozick. Issues discussed include utilitarianism, liberty, rights, justice and democracy.

published on 26-10-2019 - 106 विचार
Les rêveries du promeneur solitaire

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, né le 28 juin 1712 à Genève et mort le 2 juillet 1778 (à 66 ans) à Ermenonville, est un écrivain, philosophe et musicien genevois francophone.

published on 25-10-2019 - 100 विचार
La désobéissance civile

Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state. Thoreau’s books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry total over 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions were his writings on natural history and philosophy, where he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern day environmentalism. He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance influenced the political thoughts and actions of such later figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mohandas K. Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Some anarchists claim Thoreau as an inspiration. Though Civil Disobedience calls for improving rather than abolishing government — “I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government” — the direction of this improvement aims at anarchism: “‘That government is best which governs not at all;’ and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have.” Source: Wikipedia

published on 24-10-2019 - 127 विचार
Asian Ars Erotica and the Question of Sexual Aesthetics

On a recent visit to Vienna’s opulent Kunsthistorisches Museum, I unexpectedly encountered a genre painting that expressed, with art’s most powerful immediacy, a central theme of this paper. The theme is philosophy’s persistent pose of resistance to the seductive aesthetics of sex, and the painting, The Steadfast Philosopher by Gerrit van Honthorst (1592–1656), depicts the attempted seduction of a diligent philosopher by a lovely young woman with fully exposed breasts

published on 24-10-2019 - 113 विचार
الماركسية والحزب

اسم الكاتب: جون ميلنو نوع ملف الكتاب: pdf حجم الكتاب: 1.25 ميجا بايت التصنيفات: علوم سياسية وعسكرية

published on 24-10-2019 - 103 विचार
The Mathematical Physics of the Nineteenth Century

BRITISH ASSOCIATION. THE losses sustained by mathematical science in the past twelve months have perhaps not been so numerous as in some years, but they include at least one name of world-wide import. Those of us who were students of mathematics thirty or forty years ago will recall the delight which we felt in reading the geometrical treatises of George Salmon, and the brilliant contrast which they exhibited with most of the current text-books of that time. It was from him that many of us first learned that a great mathematical theory does not consist of a series of detached propositions carefully labeled and arranged like specimens on the shelves of a museum, but that it forms an organic whole, instinct with life, and with unlimited possibilities of future development. As systematic expositions of the actual state of the science, in which enthusiasm for what is new is tempered by a due respect for what is old, and in which new and old are brought into harmonious relation with each other, these treatises stand almost unrivaled. Whether in the originals, or in the guise of translations, they are accounted as classics in every university of the world. So far as British universities are concerned, they have formed the starting point of a whole series of works conceived in a similar spirit, though naturally not always crowned by the same success. The necessity for this kind of work grows, indeed, continually; the modern fragmentary fashion of original publication and the numerous channels through which it takes place make it difficult for any one to become initiated into a new scientific theory unless he takes it up at the very beginning and follows it diligently throughout its course, backwards and forwards, over rough ground and smooth. The classical style of memoir, after the manner of Lagrange, or Poisson, or Gauss, complete in itself and deliberately composed like a work of art, is continually becoming rarer. It is therefore more and more essential that from time to time some one should come forward to sort out and arrange the accumulated material, rejecting what has proved unimportant, and welding the rest into a connected system. There is perhaps a tendency to assume that such work is of secondary importance, and can be safely left to subordinate hands. But in reality it makes severe demands on even the highest powers; and when these have been available the result has often done more for the progress of science than the composition of a dozen monographs on isolated points. For proof one need only point to the treatises of Salmon himself, or recall (in another field) the debt which we owe to such books as the 'Treatise on Natural Philosophy' and the 'Theory of Sound,' whose authors are happily with us.

published on 23-10-2019 - 147 विचार
Le Sophiste

La politique de Platon est modelée sur sa psychologie ; car les mœurs d’un État sont nécessairement modelées sur celles des individus. L’assise fondamentale de l’État est la justice, il ne peut durer sans elle. Platon entend la justice dans un sens plus large qu’on ne l’entend communément. La justice consiste pour nous à rendre à chacun le sien. Socrate rejette cette définition dans le premier livre de la République. La justice, telle qu’il la comprend, consiste, dans l’individu, à ce que chaque partie de l’âme remplisse la fonction qui lui est propre ; que le désir soit soumis au courage et le courage et le désir à la raison. Il en est de même dans la cité. Elle se compose de trois classes de citoyens correspondant aux trois parties de l’âme : des magistrats philosophes, qui représentent la raison ; des guerriers, qui représentent le courage et qui sont chargés de protéger l’État contre les ennemis du dehors et de réduire les citoyens à l’obéissance ; enfin, des laboureurs, des artisans et des marchands, qui représentent l’instinct et le désir. Pour ces trois classes de citoyens, la justice consiste, comme dans l’individu, à remplir sa fonction propre (τά έαυτοϋ 24 πράττειυ). Les magistrats gouverneront, les guerriers obéiront aux magistrats, et les autres obéiront aux deux ordres supérieurs, et ainsi la justice, c’est-à-dire l’harmonie, régnera entre les trois ordres. Une éducation préalable, au moyen de la gymnastique et de la musique, préparera les magistrats et les guerriers ou auxiliaires à leurs fonctions futures. Elle sera donnée aux femmes comme aux hommes ; car elles ont les mêmes aptitudes que les hommes ; elles rempliront les mêmes charges et prendront comme eux part à la guerre. Les magistrats seront choisis parmi les mieux doués et ceux qui auront montré le plus grand dévouement au bien public. On les entraînera à la dialectique, pour qu’ils puissent contempler les Idées et régler l’État sur l’Idée du Bien. Au reste ces trois classes ne formeront pas des castes fermées : les enfants seront rangés dans l’une ou l’autre suivant leurs aptitudes.

published on 23-10-2019 - 129 विचार
Criton.

Xénophon rapporte dans son Apologie de Socrate (ch. 23) que Socrate avait refusé d’écouter ses amis qui voulaient le faire évader de sa prison et que même il leur avait demandé ironiquement s’ils connaissaient en dehors d’Athènes quelque endroit inaccessible à la mort. Ce refus de s’évader avait dû frapper le public et susciter des commentaires. Quelle en pouvait être la raison ? Socrate était-il las de vivre et craignait-il les infirmités de la vieillesse, comme l’a soutenu Xénophon d’après Hermogène ? Ou est-ce l’orgueil qui lui avait fait prendre cette attitude extraordinaire ? Ou voulait-il donner une dernière leçon aux hommes en leur montrant à mépriser la mort ? Platon, qui avait écrit l’Apologie pour faire connaître le vrai Socrate, ne pouvait laisser défigurer la noble image de son maître vénéré. Il entreprit, dans le Criton, d’expliquer au public les vrais motifs du refus de Socrate. S’il n’avait pas voulu quitter sa prison, c’était pour rester fidèle aux principes qu’il avait professés durant toute sa vie.

published on 23-10-2019 - 136 विचार